The city of Amritsar with its rich Sikh and Punjabi heritage has a lot to offer to a tourist. The by lanes of the walled city has the antediluvian charm of an era gone by. The sparkling Gurudwaras or the Sikh shrines are paved with the finest marble from Makran and Rajasthan. The walls of all the Gurudwaras are adorned with murals depicting the sacrifices made by the Sikh Gurus and their families. Amritsar is the Mecca of Sikhs.
Golden Temple is known world-wide and people visit the Temple with extreme devotion. The Temple also called Sri Harmandir Sahib was laid by Sri Guru Das in the 14th century. The Temple reflects the fantastic amalgamation of Hindu and Muslim style of architecture. It flaunts a huge dome made out of pure gold. It is surrounded by a large Sarovar (manmade lake), known as the Amrit Sar (Lake of Holy Water or Immoral Nectar). There are four entrances to the Temple on all the four sides, signifying the importance of acceptance and openness. There is arrangement for Bundara (lunch/dinner) throughout the year for the visitors.
The 16th century temple of goddess Durga is located in the heart of the walled city just half a mile from the Amritsar railway station. The complex houses Shree Laxmi Narayan Mandir with a huge pond on its periphery. The water of River Ravi was diverted to fill it up. In the night the Temple lights shimmering in the water present a heavenly sight.
Jallianwala Bagh is historical for the murky day of 13 April 1919, when the innocent Indians were brutally killed in a mass. The Jallianwala Bagh Martyr's Memorial is built in memory of the innocent lives sacrificed in the deadly massacre with no good cause. It is situated in close affinity of the Golden Temple.
Attari Border about 28 kms. from Amritsar is the oldest border crossing between India and Pakistan. Its an interesting experience especially at sunset when the 'Retreat' ceremony takes place with the BSF on the Indian Side of the Border. The daily highlight is the evening "Beating the Retreat" ceremony. Soldiers from both countries march in perfect drill, going through the steps of bringing down their respective national flags. As the sun goes down, nationalistic fervors rises and lights are switched on marking the end of the day amidst thunderous applause.
This is the temple built by a devotee of Mata Vaishno Devi. The temple is must visit shrine for all the Hindus visiting Amritsar.
The National Council of Science Museums in cooperation with the State government has recently set up Maharaja Ranjit Singh panorama, which is only second of its kind in the country. Spread on a sprawling 4.5 acres of land in the historic Rambagh heritage Garden, the panorama with its long, cylindrical architecture, is an all-captivating marvel for visitors. Inside, there are three sections that take a person back in time through 200 years of Sikh History. The main attraction, however, is the life-like panorama of the various major wars, which comes alive through the 12 meters high and 100 meters long panoramic painting depicting six major battle expeditions of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.